Horn of Africa Initiative

The Horn of Africa Initiative focuses on delivering an agreed set of activities that will enhance

  • Interconnectivity in transport through infrastructure development and trade facilitation
  • Interconnectivity in energy through developing the markets and capacity for power trading in the East Africa Power Pool, including through renewable energy sources;
  • Water resource utilization for food security through regional dialogue forum and priority projects.

The HoAI was launched jointly by the European Commision (EC) in 2007 with the seven governments in the IGAD region – Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda.  Its purpose is to promote political partnership for peace, security and development in the Horn of Africa.

The EU and IGAD Secretariat acts as the broker for the initiative.  The EU has provided €165 million in funding to date, while also coordinating other finance sources, including the Regional 10th EDF, national programmes, the EU-Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund, European Investment Bank (EIB) and the African Development Bank (AfDB). 

Key facts

 Countries directly involved: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda

  • Priority projects have been identified, with costs totalling approximately €5.4 billion:

    • 4 ring roads, forming part of the ring corridor
    • 4 energy links
    • 4 renewable energy projects
    • 6 water/food security projects

  • Projects ready to be implemented (total cost €2.179 billion)
  • Projects already under implementation (total cost €1.003 billion)
  • Projects in a preparatory phase (total cost €1.166 billion)
  • Projects in need of preparation (total cost €1.070 billion)

Click here for the project list and funding opportunities: igad.int/index.php

Challenges and next steps

The countries of the Horn are currently planning an investor’s conference to finance the commitments under the HOAI.  The tentative date and location for the HOAI investor conference is February 2012 in Nairobi, Kenya.  The Horn countries would welcome the G8 donors and other partners to actively get involved with the HOAI conference planning committee, which is about to be organised and explore ways to bring projects to financial close.

Key contacts

For more information on projects, promoters and upcoming events, please contact:

IGAD - Mwathi KUNGU: mwathi.kungu@igad.int

EU - Maciej GOLUBIEWSKI: maciej.golubiewski@eeas.europa.eu 

Other useful links 

IGAD HOAI Page: HoA Initiative

EU Infrastructure Trust Fund Regional Project Preparation GIS:  www.itf-gis.net

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