West African Power Pool

The West African Power Pool (WAPP) is integrating the national power systems of its members into a unified regional electricity market which, over time, will provide the citizens of the region with a stable and reliable electricity supply at affordable costs. WAPP’s key objectives are to:

  • Increase investments needed for power grid expansion in the region, with emphasis on the implementation of cross-border projects that will enhance supply, reliability and reduce costs to end users.
  • Create an attractive environment for investments in order to facilitate the funding of power generation and transmission facilities, including creating a common operating standard, rules and a transparent and reliable mechanism for the swift settlement of power trade transactions.
  • Formalise official and extended collaboration in the region to expand power generation, transmission and trade

Founded in 2000, WAPP is a cooperation agreement between nineteen national electricity companies in Western Africa under the auspices of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and mandated by the governments of its fourteen member states.  The members of WAPP are working to establish a reliable power grid for the region and a common market for electricity.

The World Bank is the lead ICA Member for WAPP. The World Bank has provided substantial funding to date, while supporting WAPP Secretariat’s efforts to coordinate other finance sources such as the European Investment Bank (EIB), African Development Bank (AfDB) and others.

Key Facts

  • Countries involved: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo.
  • Base load 31.3 terra-watt-hours meeting 70% of demand (2005)
  • Current means of power generation: thermal 64%, hydro 31%, imports/others 5%
  • Demand expected to triple in next decade requiring 18,000MW of additional installed capacity and associated transmission

Click here for information on the WAPP priority projects list: www.ecowapp.org/?page_id=168

Current status and next steps

Developing appropriate policies and financing mechanisms for cross-border projects remain a key challenge, particularly for encouraging private sector investors.  WAPP is working with World Bank and other financiers to develop workable models for cross-border project finance and regulation on priority projects, along with ways to increase capacity of institutions responsible to support delivery.

Key contacts

For more information on projects, promoters and upcoming events, please contact:

WAPP Secretariat (Cotonou, Benin)
Tel: (229) 21374195 
Email: info@ecowapp.org

Babatunde ADEYEMO, Director WAPP Information and Coordination Centre: badeyemo@ecowapp.org

Other useful links

WAPP Website: www.ecowapp.org 

EU Infrastructure Trust Fund Regional Project Preparation GIS:  www.itf-gis.net/

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