Modern and efficient border controls - One stop border posts
A key cause of lengthy transit times through Africa has been the inordinately long procedures involved in passing through two sets of identical controls on each side of the border. A typical border point operates with two separate controls in each respective territory. The One-Stop-Border-Post concept in Africa is supported by the AfDB, DFID, EU, JICA, TMEA, USAID and other stakeholders in Africa. In 2009, Africa’s One Stop Border Post (OSBP) started operation in Chirundu (a village in Zambia near the border of Zimbabwe). The Chirundu successfully reduced the cross border time for a truck from 2-3 days to approximately 2 hours.
Members of the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa (ICA) are actively engaged in the identification of potential One-Stop-Border-Posts. The ICA, The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) have identified seventy seven potential One Stop Border Posts. These seventy seven sites are in various stages of readiness. Of the seventy seven sites, twenty three are in East Africa, twenty three are in Southern Africa, nineteen are in West Africa, seven are in Central Africa and five are in North Africa. By the end of 2015, twenty seven border posts will either be under construction or fully functional.
Facilitating and convening consensus among stakeholders, construction, facilitation, technical cooperation and harmonization of laws and regulations of OSBPs are a few of the services the ICA provides. Through its’ convening power, and active engagement with the members, the ICA Secretariat helps to makes certain there is not a duplication of effort or overlapping technical assistance in the development of One- Stop-Border Posts.
The ICA, along with its’ member-partner, JICA, together with the East African C have collected the lessons learned from a pilot One-Stop Border -Post in Sub-Sahara Africa in 2011. The 1st edition of the source book was developed to identify challenges and solutions in implementing a One-Stop-Border Post. It was written for an internal audience of African stakeholders who were working through a cadre of issues.
Discussions are currently underway about up-dating the One Stop Border Source Book and making it available to the general public.
High level support
In the spring of 2014, the ICA co-organized a high level event with The Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD), The African Development Bank, JICA and NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa’s Development). Attended by more than three hundred government officials; including five Ministers from African countries; the event outlined geo-political issues associated with the development of One-Stop- Border-Posts. More importantly, it was a platform for express- ing a unified, political commitment amongst Africans toward regional economic integration.